In 1957, Noël de Plasse, a researcher working for French textile company Lainie`re de Roubaix, made a fascinating discovery. He learned that, under high temperature, certain solid dyes could pass instantly to the gaseous phase without first transforming into a liquid. This physical process is called sublimation, and what de Plasse had discovered was eventually termed Sublimation ink. Nothing much really was finished with dye-sublimation up until the late 60s, when it began to be utilized at the begining of computer printers. Today, dye-sublimation printing has developed into a popular and versatile method that is predominantly utilized for various types of textile printing, but additionally rivals UV for printing on three-dimensional objects like mugs, smartphone covers, and also other specialty items.
A dye-sublimation ink includes a solid pigment or dye suspended in the liquid vehicle. A graphic is printed onto a transfer paper-also known as release paper-and also the paper is brought into connection with a polyester fabric utilizing a heat press. Under heat and pressure, the solid dye sublimates and suffuses to the fabric, solidifying to the fibers. The picture physically becomes part of the substrate.
For many years, printing by way of a transfer medium has been the standard dye-sub method. However, there have emerged systems-called direct Sublimation paper or direct disperse-that can print directly onto a fabric without requiring a transfer sheet. It’s tempting to imagine, “Aha! Now I could spend less on transfer paper,” but it’s not quite as easy as that. Both different types of dye-sub get their advantages in addition to their disadvantages, and if you’re new to the technology, or would like to purchase a dye-sub system, it pays to learn the advantages and limitations for each.
The important good thing about utilizing a transfer process is image quality. “You end up with a more in depth image, the sides are a little sharper, text is far more crisp and sharp, and colors are more vivid,” said Tim Check, Product Manager, Professional Imaging for Epson. Epson’s SureColor F Series dye-sublimation printers comprise the F6200, F7200, and F9200.
With transfer paper, during heat transfer vinyl, the ink doesn’t penetrate far to the substrate, remaining next to the surface. In comparison, direct disperse penetrates further into dexopky66 fabric, which-similar to inkjet printing on plain paper-signifies that fine detail is lost and colors become less vivid.
“For me, the real difference will almost always be clarity because you’re always getting a cleaner, crisper print when you’re doing a print to paper then transferring,” said Steven Moreno, founder and principal of L.A.’s MY Prints, an electronic print shop that are experts in apparel prototyping and garments for entertainment industry costume houses, along with flags, banners, and also other display graphics. Almost all of MY Prints’ work is dye-sub-based. “For something with fine detail we would always wish to use transfer paper.”
An additional advantage of using a transfer process is that you can work together with any type of surface using a polyester coating: banners, mugs, flip-flops, take your pick. “There are so many applications, and that’s really the advantages of a transfer process,” said Check. “It can make it a very versatile solution.”