Some individuals hail vaping like a safer option to cigarettes, arguing that there’s no tobacco smoke, so it’s reached be safer. It remains to be noticed if that’s true, and then there is a few evidence the stuff inside vapes and e-cigs is toxic. But beyond that, there’s the fact these items occasionally blow up.
You hadn’t heard about this? Some pretty gruesome reports are beginning to accumulate. In November, a guy in Colorado broke his neck, lost some teeth, and suffered burns and facial fractures when his electronic cigarette exploded. A 15-year-old California boy lost half a dozen teeth in the similar mishap recently. In Tennessee, another teen is coping with the severe burns caused whenever a vape pen starter kit caught fire in his pocket a few weeks ago.
Statistics outlining how prevalent this really is remain thin, but the Federal Emergency Management Agency, of most things, identified 25 cases of electronic cigarette explosions in america between 2009-2014. However, that list is based only on incidents reported from the media. Considering the fact that vaping’s seen a surge in popularity ever since then-this past year, the CDC reported a three-fold increase among middle- and high school students alone-the number certainly is rising. A quick Search on the internet shows at least twelve explosions in 2015 alone.
As an alternative to burning tobacco, vape pens and e-cigs work with a small lithium-ion battery to heat an aerosol cartridge to release a vapor that’s inhaled. As in any device which uses lithium-ion batteries, it is possible to come upon problems once the battery is damaged or subjected to extremes in temperature. A short circuit could cause the battery to overheat, catch fire, or even explode. These complaints often exist in cheap consumer gadgets which can be quickly churned out from factories. All in all, it’s relatively rare, but obviously it happens-recently, in hoverboard scooters.
“With lithium-ion batteries on the whole, whenever you operate one outside its safety window, there’s a tendency where things could go wrong,” says Venkat Viswanathan, who teaches mechanical engineering Carnegie Mellon University. That window is startlingly small: Viswanathan says batteries work best kept between 50 and 115 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s February, and all sorts of but four US states are averaging temperatures below 50 at the moment.
In some cases, the problem is compounded by cheap lithium-ion batteries that “don’t have the luxury of employing sophisticated management systems,” Viswanathan says. That can bring about dangerously over- or under-charged batteries. Dendrite is another potential problem. Dendrite is a conductive filament that can form throughout boxmmod charge/discharge cycles, specifically if the battery is rapidly charged. These things can spread like a weed, eventually bridging the electrodes and creating a short circuit. “You have basically something equivalent to gasoline in your lithium-ion battery,” Viswanathan says, “and thus immediately it catches fire.”
Lithium-ion batteries power a whole lot of gadgets needless to say, and quite often do so without trouble. But things like cellphones and laptops and electric vehicles typically are manufactured to exacting specifications and rigorously tested, both by the company and outside experts. The Smoke-Free Alternative Trade Association, which represents for vape-makers, said it “cannot speak to user error or for a manufacturer for their device” and, “If there is truly an issue by using a specific device, similar to a lap top or mobile phone manufacturer, that company should take the appropriate action.”
As well as to be fair, it’s not uncommon for users to modify their best box mod vape, and any number of websites offer tips about how to accomplish that. The industry trade group duly notes that hacked and modded devices can pose a safety risk.
Which begs the question what, if anything, is being done concerning this. Most regulatory discussions about e-cigarettes and vapes pinpoint the Food and Drug Administration’s critique from the chemicals located in the devices. The FDA is about to introduce rules regulating the marketplace, a move that may classify e-cigarettes and vaping products just like tobacco. Products would carry warning labels, sales to minors could be banned, and you’d see restrictions on such things as offering free samples. But little is considered regarding the safety of the devices.
The Smoke-Free Alternative Trade Association says it supports “reasonable science-based regulations,” but opposes whatever might “stifle innovation.” But it really argues “e-cigs and vapor items are technology products, separate and distinct from combustible tobacco.” They liken those to electronic products.
That’s where things get tricky. Asked if this has any safety concerns regarding the devices, the individual Products Safety Commission deferred to the FDA, saying it will be the federal regulator in control there. The FDA does claim responsibility for ensuring the security in the parts from the devices that happen to be found in the intake of tobacco products. But there aren’t lots of safety rules for manufacturers to follow, as well as the FDA is encouraging men and women to report any problems.
Viswanathan has a recommendation for companies making what is vaping? and also other gadgets that use lithium-ion batteries: Crib from automakers making electric cars. They’ve developed sophisticated systems for minimizing the hazards of problems. “Lithium-ion batteries fundamentally are susceptible to catching fire,” he says, “and car makers have realized efficient ways to create zones where these batteries are safe to work.”
Granted, the percentages your vape pen will blow up as an exploding cigar are slim. However it is possible, so your best option is to buy a quality vape pen from your reputable manufacturer. Check the parts-once they appear and feel cheap, they probably are. Viswanathan suggests making certain it’s got some type of battery management system to stop shorts and thermal runaway. Ensure you’re while using right battery and charger, and don’t modify anything.